Patients and Families

Accessing medical assistance in dying

PROCESS

Before anyone is able to receive medical assistance in dying, they must be assessed to see if they are eligible.  This process also ensures the patient is aware of all the care options available to them and has the information needed to make an informed decision.

Currently the process for accessing medical assistance in dying in Manitoba involves:

  1. The patient wishing to access medical assistance in dying must be assessed by a minimum of two (2) physicians both of whom agree that the patient meets the eligibility criteria
    • One (1) of these physicians must be willing to perform the procedure (provide or administer the medications that will result in death)
    • The two assessments must be performed separate from each other and can take place at home, a clinic or in hospital
    • Patients may need to provide and/or allow access to their medical records and be willing to undergo further consultations if needed
    • Currently only the provincial medical assistance in dying team is authorized to provide medical assistance in dying within all provincial health facilities.  The provincial MAID clinical team is available to facilitate medical assistance dying throughout the province.
  2. Patients must complete a written request for medical assistance in dying that has been signed by two (2) independent witnesses
    • For patients unable to write another adult can sign the request on the patient’s behalf
  3. There must be ten (10) clear days between the date the request is signed and the date the procedure is provided.  For example, if the request is signed on October 1st the earliest the patient could receive medical assistance in dying would be October 12th
  4. If the patient decides to proceed with medical assistance in dying, the patient and the physician(s) involved will arrange a time and place for the procedure to be provided. The procedure can be done at home if desired and feasible.
  5. At the time of the procedure, the patient must be competent and provide consent for medical assistance in dying.
  6. At the time of the procedure the physician(s) involved will provide or administer the medications, monitor the patient, confirm the patient has died and complete the required documentation.
  7. The patient is free to change his or her mind at any time, including at the time of the procedure.